Each kid or adult with autism in Singapore is exclusive and, so, every autism intervention plan must be tailored to deal with specific needs.
Intervention can involve behavioral treatments, medicines or both. Several persons with autism have further medical conditions like sleep disturbance, seizures, and gastrointestinal distress. Addressing these conditions will improve attention, learning and related behaviors.
The early intensive behavioral intervention involves a kid’s whole family, working closely with a team of professionals. In some early intervention programs, therapists come into the house to deliver services. This can embody parent training with the parent leading therapy sessions under the supervising of the therapist. Other programs deliver therapy in an exceedingly specialized center, classroom or educational institution.
Typically, completely different interventions and supports become appropriate as a child develops and acquires social and learning skills. As kids with autism enter school, for instance, they may benefit from embattled social skills training and specialized approaches to teaching.
Adolescents with autism will benefit from transition services that promote a flourishing maturation into independence and employment opportunities of adulthood.
Treatment choices for toddlers and preschool kids
Scientific studies have established that early intensive behavioral intervention enhances learning, communication, and social skills in young kids with autism. Whereas the outcomes of early intervention vary, all kids benefit. Researchers have developed a variety of effective early intervention models. They vary in details, but all smart early intervention programs share certain features. They include:
- The kid receives structured, therapeutic activities for a minimum of 25 hours per week.
- Extremely trained therapists and/or teachers deliver the intervention. Well-trained paraprofessionals might assist with the intervention under the supervision of an experienced professional expertly in autism therapy.
- The therapy is guided by exact and well-defined learning objectives, and also the child’s progress in meeting these objectives is often evaluated and recorded.
- The intervention focuses on the core areas affected by autism. These consist of social skills, language and communication, imitation, play skills, daily living and motor skills.
- The program provides the kid with opportunities to interact with generally developing peers.
- The program actively engages parents within the intervention, both in decision making and also the delivery of treatment.
- The therapists make clear their respect for the unique desires, values, and perspectives of the kid and his or her family.
- The program involves a multidisciplinary team that features, as needed, a physician, speech-language pathologist and occupational therapist.
What is the role of occupational therapy (OT) in treating autism spectrum disorder?
Occupational therapists study human growth and development and a person’s relations with the environment through daily activities. They are experts in the social, emotional, and physiological effects of illness and injury. This knowledge helps them promote skills for independent living in people with autism and other developmental disorders.
Occupational therapists work as part of a panel that includes parents, teachers, and other professionals. They help set specific goals for the person with autism. These goals often involve social interaction, behavior, and classroom performance. To read more about autism treatment in Singapore click here.